One of SETARA Institute’s organizational mandates is to promote, maintain and strengthen the diversity of Indonesia. Since 2007, this organization has been consistent in compiling reports on the conditions of freedom of religion/ belief in Indonesia. Ths consistency is not only evident on the Institute’s strategic methods to present knowledge and the latest data updates each year, but also on its human rights paradigm to measure the situation and condition of freedom in a country. Such paradigm is believed to be the most objective method which enables State accountability mechanisms, both domestic and international.
Domestically, the State is constantly obligated to improve policies to gain compliance and policies that are conducive to strengthen the freedom of religion/ belief as a constitutional mandate that is ingrained within the State. Ths obligation is also parallel with the ratifiation consequences of the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights which has been approved by Law No. 12/2005. Moreover, at the domestic level, State elements are obliged to take legal actions to law violators who constantly commit acts of intolerance, discrimination and violence. Thy should be prosecuted for their criminal acts.
Internationally, reports made by SETARA Institute also serve as references in order to compile the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), which is regularly organized by United Nation Human Rights Council (Badan Hak Asasi Manusia Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa/ HAM PBB), both as materials to compile shadow reports for civilians and as alternative references for State parties who have issues with the official government reports regarding the conditions of freedom of religion in Indonesia. Though the UPR, international mechanism functions to demand State accountability to uphold its generic responsibility to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights.
The report’s title, Intolerance Supremacy, is to depict the situation in 2016 where we were able to witness how intolerance became more supreme than law and constitutional supremacy. Crowd mass became the source of legitimate truth. It could also inflence the State elements to react. Ths situation of intolerance supremacy was strengthened by numerous catalysts in 2016 which generally occurred in the midst of political contestation and struggle for religious authority.
Ths 10th report on the conditions of freedom of religion does not specifially depict the dynamics over the last 10 years because the primary focus is to describe the actual situation that occurred in 2016. However, several issues and concerns which constantly occurred over the last 10 years and required extra attention, still obtain a suffient portion of exposure.
Although this research report is based on the observation of events, there is a probability that it oversees some facts as the actual events may have exceeded what had been successfully observed.
In conclusion, SETARA Institute would like to thank all parties who have supported the publication of this report, especially to the researchers and observers in various regions.
We hope you enjoy reading this research paper.
Jakarta, 20th of January 2017
Setara Institute Chairperson,
H E N D A R D I