SETARA Institute is an organization founded by a couple of people who have concerns in realizing an equal society. One of the concerned issues of this organization is promoting the guarantee of freedom of religion/belief and continuously encouraging the State to fulfill the rights to freedom of religion/ belief in Indonesia. The yearly report is an effort from SETARA Institute to inform the public and promote the latest and regular condition of freedom of religion/belief in Indonesia to public. The 2008 yearly report is the second report published by SETARA Institute, in which described the monitoring results of freedom of religion/belief. The publication is expected to be noted by many parties, particularly the State, that in human rights context, have obligations to respect, promote and fulfill human rights.
Monitoring and publishing the yearly report are aimed:  to document and publish the facts on violations and breakthroughs/progresses on guarantee of freedom of religion/belief in Indonesia;  to encourage the State to fulfill its guarantee of freedom of religion/belief, including revising various products of legislation which limit the freedom of religion/belief and the recovery of victim’s rights;  to provide database on freedom of religion/belief; and  to strengthen civil society’s networks
and to expand the constituency to participate in promoting the freedom of religion/belief. According to the census in 2000, the religious demography in Indonesia showed that 245 million persons adopt diverse religions, in which the composition was 88.2% Islam, 5.9% Protestant, 3.1% Catholic, 1.8% Hindu, 0.8% Buddha, and 0.2% other religions and beliefs. The result of Population Survey Amongst Census (Survey Penduduk Antar Sensus–SUPAS) in 2005 also shows similar numbers: Islam (87.20%), Protestant (5,79%, Catholic (3.08%), Hindu (1.73%), Buddha (0.60%), Kong Hu Chu (0.10%),1 and others (0.12%). The data is a sociological fact which shows that Indonesia is a diverse country.
Based on the aforementioned fact, pluralism, as a point of view, awareness and attitude in which every person, group and various entity is treated equally, shall be the base of implementation practices in the life of nation.